monitoring of water resources, owl ontology, Ile-Balkhash basin, geo-data management, water shortage crisis, data package


The world is facing an escalating water shortage crisis, with dire consequences for ecosystems, human health, and socio-economic development. This article explores the multifaceted nature of the water shortage problem of Ile-Balkhash basin that falls under the jurisdiction of the Balkhash-Alakol Republic of Kazakhstan, its underlying causes, and the complex web of challenges it presents. The predicament in the Ile-Balkhash basin is a complex interplay of various factors. Climate change has led to erratic precipitation patterns, exacerbating the problem. The simultaneous rise in population places additional stress on the already limited water resources. Moreover, inefficient water management practices have perpetuated the issue, hindering the equitable distribution of water. The challenge of conducting a comprehensive basin analysis is a formidable task due to the numerous variables and indicators involved. It demands an enormous amount of time and effort. To address this issue, a web application framework integrated with the Web Ontology Language database, allowing for the execution of advanced queries to extract valuable insights from various objects and indicators, has been developed. The database underpinning this system is meticulously compiled, drawing upon data from the Hydrological monitoring of water bodies and the National Hydrometeorological Service of the Republic of Kazakhstan. These sources provide critical data that forms the bedrock of the analysis. Recognizing the importance of data storage and management in this endeavor, integrated components have been established. These components play a pivotal role in structuring the diverse data sources and maintaining their currency. The water shortage issue in the Ile-Balkhash basin serves as a stark reminder of the urgency with which such crises must be addressed. The tools and methods offer hope and underscore global water management sustainability.


International Lake Environment Committee. (2023). Lake Balkhash. World Lakes Database.

Dolbeshkin, M., Puzikov, E., & Povetkin, R. (2017). Modeling of transboundary Ile-Balkhash river basin in Central Asia. News of the National Academy of sciences of the Republic of Kazakhstan, 5, 171-180.

Hydrological monitoring of water bodies of the Republic of Kazakhstan. (2023). Retrieved from

National Hydrometeorological Service of the Republic of Kazakhstan. (2023). Monthly State of the Environment Newsletter.

Cherednichenko, A. V., Cherednichenko, Al. V., Cherednichenko, V. S., Storozhenko, N. D., Kozhachmetova, E. P., Kupchishin, A. I., & Abdrahimov, R. G. (2019). Dynamic of Balkhash lake level under climate change conditions. Institute of Biology and Biotechnology at, al Farabi University, Almaty, Kazakhstan.

Shen, B., Wu, J., Zhan, S., & Jin, M. (2021). Residues of organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in waters of the Ili-Balkhash Basin, arid Central Asia: Concentrations and risk assessment. Chemosphere, 273.

Isbekov, K. B., Tsoy, V. N., Crétaux, J.-F., Aladin, N. V., Plotnikov, I. S., Clos, G., Berge-Nguyen, M., & Assylbekova, S. Z. (2019). Impacts of water level changes in the fauna, flora, and physical properties over the Balkhash Lake watershed. Lakes Reserv. Res. Manag.

Allemang, D., & Hendler, J. (2020). Semantic Web for the Working Ontologist: Effective Modeling for Linked Data, RDFS, and OWL. ACM Books, 3.

Patel, A., Debnath, N. C., & Bhushan, B. (2022). Semantic Web Technologies. Research and Applications. CRC Press.

Heath, T., Bizer, C., & Berners, L. (2023). Linked Data - The Story So Far. Linking the World’s Information: Essays on Tim Berners-Lee’s Invention of the World Wide Web (1st ed.). ACM Books, 52.

Po, L., Bikakis, N., & Desimoni, F. (2020). Linked Data Visualization: Techniques, Tools, and Big Data (Synthesis Lectures on the Semantic Web: Theory and Technology). Morgan & Claypool Publishers.

Galitsky, B. (2022). Multi-case-based reasoning by syntactic-semantic alignment and discourse analysis. Artificial Intelligence for Healthcare Applications and Management, 2, 154-196.

Motik, B., Patel-Schneider, P., & Parsia, B. (Eds.). (2012). OWL 2 Web Ontology Language. Structural Specification and Functional-Style Syntax, 2.

Gyrard, A., Datta, S. K., & Bonnet, C. (2018). A Survey and Analysis of Ontology-Based Software Tools for Semantic Interoperability in IoT and WoT Landscapes. IEEE.

de Boer, T., Paltan, H., Sternberg, T., & Wheeler, K. (2021). Evaluating Vulnerability of Central Asian Water Resources under Uncertain Climate and Development Conditions: The Case of the Ili-Balkhash Basin. Water, 13, 615.

Nurtazin, S., Thevs, N., Iklasov, M., Graham, N., Salmurzauli, R., & Pueppke, S. (2019). Challenges to the sustainable use of water resources in the Ili River basin of Central Asia. E3S Web Conf., 81, 01009.

Nurtazin, S., Pueppke, S., Ospan, T., Mukhitdinov, A., & Elebessov, T. (2020). Quality of Drinking Water in the Balkhash District of Kazakhstan’s Almaty Region. Water, 12, 392.

Hein, T., Funk, A., Pletterbauer, F., et al. (2019). Management challenges related to long-term ecological impacts, complex stressor interactions, and different assessment approaches in the Danube River Basin. River Res Applic., 35, 500–509.

Duan, J., Zou, S., Chen Y., Nover, D., Fang, G., & Wang, Y. (2020). Sustainable water management for cross-border resources: The Balkhash Lake Basin of Central Asia, 1931-2015. Journal of Cleaner Production, 263, 121614.

Dataflows library. (2023). Retrieved from

Zhiyenbayev, M. (2017). Data Package v1 Specifications. What has Changed and how to Upgrade. Open Knowledge Lab.

Ile-Balkhash basin ontology data Republic of Kazakhstan. (2023). Retrieved from

Ali, S. M. F., & Wrembel, R. (2017). From conceptual design to performance optimization of ETL workflows: current state of research and open problems. The VLDB Journal, 26, 777–801.

Open Data Kazakhstan. (2023). Retrieved from

Github action. (2023). Retrieved from

Owl embedded web framework. (2023).

Guo, L., & Xia, Z. (2014). Temperature and precipitation long-term trends and variations in the Ili-Balkhash Basin. Theoretical and Applied Climatology, 115(1-2), 219-229.




How to Cite

Zhiyenbayev, M. ., Ospan, A. ., Kunicina, N. ., Mansurova, M., & Titkov, R. (2023). SYSTEMATIC DATA PROCUREMENT IN AN OWL-EMBEDDED INFORMATION AND ANALYTICAL FRAMEWORK FOR THE MONITORING OF WATER RESOURCES IN THE ILE-BALKHASH BASIN. Scientific Journal of Astana IT University, 15(15), 125–138.



Information Technologies
film izle