blockchain, blockchain concept, computer science, bibliometric study


This paper aims to study the blockchain concept domain in the computer science field due to bibliometric study. Authors employed bibliometric and network analysis techniques to analyze existing literature. In total, 719 articles in the period of 2019 to August 2023 from the Web of Science (WOS) database were analyzed after applying search string, and criteria for inclusion and exclusion. Initial data screening involved the extraction of fundamental information, followed by data analysis based on co-occurrence, bibliographic coupling, and citation using special program software VOSviewer and R program. research areas "compute science" and "engineering". In addition to that, VOSviewer and R-based tools illustrate the application of text mining involves utilizing computational techniques to extract, analyze, and represent the key concepts and relationships within the field of blockchain technology. Data analysis primarily involved co-occurrence analysis, bibliographic coupling, co-authorship examination, citation analysis, and co-citation analysis. In the context of a blockchain concept thematic analysis, was applied clustering by coupling. Furthermore, it was conducted the thematic analysis to scrutinize the content of prior studies in the computer science field using clustering by coupling. Ranking of the authors, organizations, and countries was applied according to total link strength metric which was used to quantify the overall strength of connections between nodes within a network. Besides, citation analysis has also been conducted to assess the articles' ranking, considering both worldwide and localized citations. Bibliometric results indicate blockchain concepts within such thematic frameworks as access control scheme, identity management system, supply chain management, artificial intelligence integration, blockchain technology applications, and blockchain smart contract.


Tapscott, D., & Tapscott, A. (2017). How Blockchain Will Change Organizations. MIT Sloan Management Review, 58(2), 10–13. https://sloanreview.mit.edu/article/how-blockchain-will-change-organizations

Bolívar, M. P. R., & Muñoz, L. A. (2022). Identification of research trends in emerging technologies implementation on public services using text mining analysis. Emerald Insight, Information Technology & People. https://doi.org/10.1108/ITP-03-2021-0188

Jan van Eck, N., & Waltman, L. (2022). VOSviewer Manual. University of Leiden, 53. https://vosviewer.com›download/f-y2s2.

Van Eck, N.J., & Waltman, L. (2010) Software survey: VOSviewer, a computer program for bibliometric mapping. Scientometrics, 84 (2), 523-538.

Derviş, H. (2019). Bibliometric Analysis using Bibliometrix an R Package. Journal of Scientometric Res., 8(3), 156-160. https://doi.org/10.5530/jscires.8.3.32 .

Dai, Y., Li, G., & Xu, B. (2019). Study on learning resource authentication in MOOCs based on the blockchain. Int. J. Comput. Sci. Eng., 18, 314–320. DOI:10.1504/IJCSE.2019.098548.

Daraghmi, E.-Y., Daraghmi, Y.-A., & Yuan, S.-M. (2019). UniChain: A Design of Blockchain-Based System for Electronic Academic Records Access and Permissions Management. Appl. Sci., 9, 4966. https://doi.org/10.3390/app9224966

Guo, J., Li, C., Zhang, G., Sun, Y., & Bie, R. (2020). Blockchain-enabled digital rights management for multimedia resources of online education. Multimedia. Tools Appl., 79, 9735–9755. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11042-019-08059-1

Delgado-von-Eitzen, C., Anido-Rifón, L., & Fernández-Iglesias, M.J. (2021). Blockchain Applications in Education: A Systematic Literature Review. Appl. Sci., 11, 11811. https://doi.org/10.3390/app112411811

Vargas, R. P., & Lindín, C. S. (2019). Blockchain in the university: a digital technology to design, implement and manage global learning itineraries. Digital Education Review, 35, 130-150. https://doi.org/10.1344/der.2019.35.130-150

Fekete, D.L. & Kiss, A. (2023). Toward Building Smart Contract-Based Higher Education Systems Using Zero-Knowledge Ethereum Virtual Machine. Electronics, 12, 664. https://doi.org/10.3390/electronics12030664

Appio, F.P., Cesaroni, F. & Di Minin, A. (2014). Visualizing the structure and bridges of the intellectual property management and strategy literature: a document co-citation analysis. Scientometrics, 101(1), 623-661. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11192-014-1329-0

Cao, B., Li, Y.X., Zhang, L., Mumtaz, S., Zhou, Z. Y., & Peng, M. G. (2019). When Internet of Things Meets Blockchain: Challenges in Distributed Consensus. IEEE Network. https://doi.org/10.1109/MNET.2019.1900002

Elghaish, F., Hosseini, M. R., Matarneh, S., Talebi, S., Wu, S., Martek, I., Poshdar, M., & Ghodrati, N. (2021). Blockchain and the “Internet of Things” for the construction industry: research trends and opportunities. Automation in Construction, 132, 103942. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.autcon.2021.103942 .

Wamba, S.F., Kamdjoug, J.R.K., Bawack, R. E., & Keogh, J. G. (2019). Bitcoin, Blockchain and Fintech: a systematic review and case studies in the supply chain. Production Planning & Control. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/09537287.2019.1631460

Xie, J.F., Tang, H.E., Huang, T., Yu, F.R., Xie, R.C., Liu, J., & Liu, Y.J., (2020). A Survey of Blockchain Technology Applied to Smart Cities: Research Issues and Challenges. IEEE Communications Surveys And Tutorials. https://doi.org/10.1109/COMST.2019.2899617

Ma, Y., Sun, Y., Lei, Y. J., Qin, N., & Lu, J.W. (2020). A survey of blockchain technology on security, privacy, and trust in crowdsourcing services. WORLDWIDE Web-Internet And Web Information Systems. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11280-019-00735-4.

Mollah, M.B., Zhao, J., Niyato, D., Guan, Y.L., Yuen, C., Sun, S.M., Lam, K.Y., & Koh, LH. (2021). Blockchain for the Internet of Vehicles Towards Intelligent Transportation Systems: A Survey. Ieee Internet of Things Journal. DOI: 10.1007/s11280-019-00735-4.

Zhanbolatov, A., Zhakiyeva, S., Zhakiyev, N., & Kayisli, K. (2022). Blockchain-Based Decentralized Peer-to-Peer Negawatt Trading in Demand-Side Flexibility Driven Transactive Energy System. International Journal of Renewable energy research, 12 (3), 1475-1483. DOI: 10.20508/ijrer.v12i3.13195.g8530.

Amanbek, Y., Kalakova, A., Zhakiyeva, S., Kayisli, K., Zhakiyev, N., & Friedrich, D. (2022). Distribution Locational Marginal Price Based Transactive Energy Management in Distribution Systems with Smart Prosumers - A Multi-Agent Approach. Energies, 15(2404), 1-18. https://doi.org/10.3390/en15072404.




How to Cite

Zhaisanova, D., & Mansurova, M. (2023). A BIBLIOMETRIC STUDY ON BLOCKCHAIN CONCEPT: A THEME ANALYSIS AND FUTURE DIRECTIONS FOR COMPUTER SCIENCE TRAINING. Scientific Journal of Astana IT University, 15(15), 41–54. https://doi.org/10.37943/15OWJC3702